Architect of Soul Jazz · The Complete Early Recordings 1951-1957 (2-CD)
  • King EP 341
    King EP 341
  • King LP 295-106
    King LP 295-106
  • King EP 395
    King EP 395
  • Odeon EP SOE3546
    Odeon EP SOE3546
  • Audio Lab LP1514
    Audio Lab LP1514
  • King LP 395-508
    King LP 395-508
  • Bill Jennings
    Bill Jennings
  • Louis Jordan & Bill Jennings
    Louis Jordan & Bill Jennings

Bill Jennings

Architect of Soul Jazz · The Complete Early Recordings 1951-1957 (2-CD)

Fresh Sound Records

Bill Jennings (g, vcl), Leo Parker (bs), Willis Jackson (ts), Bill Doggett, James Orville Johnson (org), Andrew Johnson, Jack Wilson (p), Albert Jennings (vib), Joe Williams, Jimmy Glover (b), George DeHart, Alvin Johnson (d), Nita Lore (vcl)

Reference: FSRCD 816

Bar code: 8427328608169


Although underappreciated by the public during his lifetime, guitarist Bill Jennings was much admired by fellow musicians, including Louis Jordan, Bill Doggett, and Willis Jackson (all of whom employed him) and B.B. King (who cites Jennings as one of his favorites). King called him a "daring player, both rhythmically and technically... because he would start a groove to going, and then whatever it takes to keep that groove going, he would do it."

The Indianapolis picker's music was rediscovered in the Nineties by a new generation of guitarists, including Junior Watson, Duke Robillard, and Rusty Zinn, who have incorporated elements of Jennings' lean, swinging approach into their blues performances. The reissue of these rare recordings for the Gotham and King labels should help to enhance Jennings' standing in the public's pantheon of great jazz and blues guitar players.

CD 1
01. Alexandria, Virginia (Clanton-Jennings) 2:55
02. You Came a Long Way from St. Louis (Russell-Brooks) 2:48
03. Stompin with Bill (Jennings) 2:44
04. The Lonesome Traveller (Hays) 3:05
05. Piccadilly Circus (Jennings-Parker) 1:59
06. There Will Never Be Another You (Gordon-Warren) 2:51
07. What Will I Do? (Berlin) 3:46
08. Billy in the Lions Den (Jennings) 2:52
09. Fine and Dandy (Swift-James) 2:27
10. Just You, Just Me (Greer-Klaces) 2:45
11. Down to Earth (Jennings-Parker) 2:20
12. May I? (Jennings-Parker) 2:50
13. Get Hot (Jennings-Parker) 2:25
14. Stuffy (Coleman Hawkins) 2:56
15. Solitude (DeLange-Ellington-Mills) 2:48
16. Whats New (Haggart-Burke-Whitmark) 3:29
17. They Cant Take That Away from Me (G.& I. Gershwin) 2:15
18. Sweet & Lovely (Arnheim-Daniels-Tobias) 3:27
19. Blue Grass (Parker-Jennings) 3:55
20. Soft Winds (Benny Goodman) 2:56
21. Sophisticated Lady (Ellington-Parish-Mills) 2:16
22. Big Boy (Bill Jennings) 2:11
23. 633-Knock! (Doggett-Jennings) 2:27
24. Danny Boy (Weatherly) 2:30
25. Darn That Dream (DeLange-Van Heusen) 2:39
26. Alexandria, Virginia (Clanton-Jennings) 2:53*
27. Stomp (Stompin with Bill) (Jennings) 2:39*
28. Stompin with Bill (Jennings) 2:43*

CD 2
01. Willow Weep for Me (Ronnell) 2:46
02. Day Train (Bill Jennings) 2:33
03. Glide On (Jack Wilson) 2:36
04. Three Little Words (Ruby-Kalmar) 2:35
05. Have You Ever Had the Blues (Jennings-Lenoir) 2:30
06. Better Ask Somebody (Bill Jennings) 2:43
07. Sea Breeze (Bill Jennings) 2:27
08. A Good Un (Bill Jennings) 2:22
09. Easy Living (Robin-Rainger) 3:50
10. Nature Boy (Eden Ahbez) 2:06
11. Ja-Da (Bob Carlston) 4:02
12. Angel Eyes (Dennis-Brent) 3:20
13. You Dont Know What Love Is (Don Raye-Gene DePaul) 2:03
14. Medley: (G.& I. Gershwin) 4:05
-It Aint Necessarily So
15. Answer Me My Love (Winkler-Rauch-Sigman) 3:16
16. What Is This Thing Called Love (Cole Porter) 2:39
17. Its Easy to Remember (Rodgers-Hart) 3:09
18. One for My Baby (Mercer-Arlen) 3:51
19. You Go to My Head (Coats-Gillespie) 2:52
20. Mood Indigo (Bigard-Mills-Ellington) 2:14
21. Wishbone (Jennings-Jackson) 2:35
22. Blues in My Heart (Carson-Foley) 2:37
23. Roses of Picardy (Weatherly-Wood) 3:00
24. Down Boy (Jennings-Jackson) 2:37

Album details

Sources CD 1:
Tracks #1 & 2 from the 45 rpm single Gotham 232
Tracks #3 & 4 from the 45 rpm single Gotham 250

The remaining tracks were subsequently issued on different releases:
Tracks #6,7,9-12,14,15 from King LP "Jazz Interlude" (295-105)
Tracks #16,17,20-25 from King LP "The Fabulous Guitar of Bill Jennings" (295-106)
Tracks #5-15,18 from King LP "Billy in the Lion's Den" (395-527)
Tracks #6,14,15,18 from King EP "Bill Jennings-Leo Parker Quintet" (KEP-341)
Tracks #16,17,19,21 from King EP "Guitar Moods" (KEP-342)
Tracks #16,17,19,21 from French EP "Bill Jennings Quartet" (Odeon SOE3546)
Tracks #1-4 from King the EP "Wailin'" (KEP-386)

Sources CD-2:
Tracks #5 & 6 from the 45 rpm single King 4831
Tracks #7 & 8 are unissued
Tracks #9-20 from King LP "Mood Indigo" (395-508)
Tracks #9-13,15-18,20 from Audio Lab LP "Guitar / Vibes" (AL 1514)
Tracks #21-24 from Audio Lab LP "Various Artists -A Whole Lot of Blowin'" (AL 1539)
Tracks #22 & 23 are unissued

Personnel on CD 1

Tracks #1-4: BILL JENNINGS - BILL JENNINGS ORCHESTRA: Bill Jennings, guitar, vocal on #2, with unknown alto sax/tenor sax, piano, bass & drums.
Recorded in Philadelphia, circa 1951
Tracks #5-15: BILL JENNINGS - LEO PARKER QUINTET: Leo Parker, baritone sax; Andrew Johnson, piano; Bill Jennings, guitar; Joe Williams, bass; George DeHart, drums.
Recorded in Cincinnati, Ohio, July 6,7,8, 1954
Tracks #16-21: BILL JENNINGS QUARTET: Andrew Johnson, piano and (on #16) organ; Bill Jennings, guitar; Joe Williams, bass; George DeHart, drums.
Recorded in Cincinnati, on July 8, 1954
Tracks #22-25: BILL JENNINGS QUARTET: Bill Doggett, organ; Bill Jennings, guitar; Jimmy Glover, bass; Shep Shepherd, drums.
Recorded in Cincinnati, October 1954
Tracks #26-28: ALTERNATE TAKES
BILL JENNINGS - BILL JENNINGS ORCHESTRA: Bill Jennings, guitar with unknown alto sax/tenor sax, piano, bass & drums.
Recorded in Philadelphia, circa 1951

Personnel on CD 2

Tracks #1-8: BILL JENNINGS QUINTET - NITA LORE: Nita Lore, vocal on #5 & 6; with Jack Wilson, piano & celeste; Albert Jennings, vibes; Bill Jennings, guitar; Paul Henry Sparks, bass; Phillip Paul, drums.
Recorded in Cincinnati, July 24, 1955
Tracks #9-20: BILL JENNINGS: Bill Jennings, guitar; Albert Jennings, vibes.
Recorded in Cincinnati, December 4, 1955
Tracks #21-24: BILL JENNINGS - WILLIS JACKSON: Willis Jackson, tenor sax; James Orville Johnson, organ; Bill Jennings, guitar; Alvin Johnson, drums.
Recorded in New York, September 7, 1957

Project & coordination: Daniel Gugolz & Rusty Zinn
Executive producer: Jordi Pujol
All four previously unreleased King tracks come from the late Kurt Mohr who was working for Odeon (the French King Records distributor) in the early 1960s, courtesy of Gilles Pétard
Cover picture: Bill Jennings, Apollo Theatre, New York City, 24 Jan. 1951 (as a member of the Louis Jordan band).
Photo by PoPsie (courtesy Gilles Petard collection)
Mono · 24-Bit Digitally Remastered

Press reviews

"If you go to Wikipedia for more information on Bill Jennings, youre directed to a collection of almost a dozen guys with that name: one that played ice hockey, a baseballer, and then three types of footballers-Welsh, soccer and American. Let me tell you-this is the Bill Jennings that you want.

The Bill Jennings we have here made his career from the 30s to the 50s as a sideman for Stuff Smith, Wild Bill Davis, Willis Jackson and most of all Louis Jordan. So, as you can tell, theres a lot of blues and R&B flying around, and Jennings guitar makes it work with a Charlie Christian-influenced style of picking that goes down real nice. This two cd set has him leading various bands that are long on soul and feeling, and his picking makes you feel good all over.

He gets the toes tapping on a hip little 1951 date that has him singing and playing with a fun couple of pieces like Stompin With Bill. Then, in 1954, he teams up a quintet with bop baritone saxist Leo Parker for some exciting takes of There Will Never Be Another You and What Will I Do? making some of the hottest sounds around. In the same year he cut some discs with pianist Andrew Johnson and B3er bill Doggett that go lyrical on the former and Bunsen burning on the latter. Vibes with Albert Jennings are found in a small group with Nita Lore as vocalist on Three Little Words and a blues, while some intimate duets from 1955 deliver a jaw dropping Angel Eyes and You Dont Know What Love Is. Some BBQ sauce is slapped on the pork when Willis Jacksons tenor and James Orville Johnsons Hammond stride in for a greasy Wishbone and Blues In My Heart. All of the songs are between 2-4 minutes, so they were made for juke joint jumpin! Put this on at a party and watch what happens. Jennings is a joy of lyricism, feel and swing. A textbook lesson on playing the six strings just right."

George W. Harris (July 14, 2014)

"This interesting release is subtitled The Complete Early Recordings 1951-57 but that needs to be qualified by noting that these are the Jennings recordings from that time as leader or co-leader. He recorded many other tracks in those years as sideman with such leaders as Louis Jordan (with whom Jennings had made his reputation during the late 40s), Wild Bill Davis, Hot Lips Page and others less well known. This is a typically didactic release from Fresh Sound, the implication of the title being that Jennings should be better known than he is. The notes include a compliment paid to him by B.B. King so its no surprise that Jennings sounds trenchant and authentic when playing the blues, occasionally recalling the guitar playing of Lightnin Hopkins. However it soon becomes clear that Bill Jennings was more than just a bluesman.

The opening tracks have an R&B flavour but the LP-length session with Leo Parker is a jazz date and a very appealing one with the strength of the guitarists playing matching the mellow force of Parker who, although powerful, is not in the rabble-rousing mood he revealed elsewhere. The following six quartet tracks tend to lack bite but reveal an intriguing Django influence in the guitarists playing on slow numbers. Then the group with Doggett and three alternatives from the first session return us to formulaic territory, with the two ballads offering only the melodies and no improvisation. However the quintet which opens the second CD shows a marked improvement through the presence of a a confident vibes player in the person of Bills brother Albert. I was looking forward to the dozen tracks that made up the LP the brothers recorded on their own, but I was disappointed. Somebody decided to adjust the vibes motor to produce a very fast vibrato (and a sound evoking an ice-cream vans arriving announcement) thus negating the sensitivity and precision of these mostly slow duets. The final four tracks, excepting Roses Of Picardy, take us back to R&B land and hoarsely raucous tenor, but this release has done what Fresh Sound intended and made me curious to hear more of Bill Jennings.

He recorded again with his brother at the beginning of the 60s and I shall be keeping an eye open for that currently unavailable session, hoping for less vibrato the second time around. Meanwhile within this mixed bag there is above all the date with Leo Parker to be enjoyed. (Theres also within the comprehensive booklet an interesting discography of the Jennings recordings as a sideman. This states that he played at an unissued session in 1937, when he was only 18, and recorded with Stuff Smith in 1946 before joining Louis Jordan a year or two later.)"

Graham Colombé -April, 2014
Jazz Journal

"Guitariste ultra-sollicité comme sideman à partir de la seconde moitié des années 1940, Bill Jennings sinscrit entre Tiny Grimes, Les Spann, Mickey Baker et Billy Butler dans une mouvance qui a fait évoluer le R&B et contribué à léclosion du soul jazz. Dun point technique, son bagage musical faisait de lui un pont entre Charlie Christian, T-Bone Walker et Kenny Burrell [...] un jazzman au net penchant pour le blues mais aussi un musicien influencé par Charlie Parker dont le jeu de guitare comportait des fulgurances amorties par un phrasé axé sur lespace et la détente.

[...] Dans ces faces Gotham et King, Jennings est à la tête de ses formations, intégré à celle du sax baryton Leo Parker, en duo avec son frère vibraphoniste Albert Jennings ou associé au sax ténor Willis Jackson. Ses variations de sonorité, sa fluidité et son sens de la respiration rythmique émergent aussi bien dans le jazz pétri de blues (Down to Earth) que dans la ballade, un chase guitarebaryton, des incursions chez Gershwin, les contrepoints guitare-vibraphone et, bien sûr, le R&B swingant et plein de vie où Bill Doggett est son modeste partenaire (Big Boy). Un jazz rigoureux et sans prétention du meilleur aloi, comme on disait alors."

Philippe Bas-Rabérin (April, 2014)
Jazz Magazine


14,95 €  (tax incl.)

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