Reference: FSRCD 304
Bar code: 8427328603041
01. Music Matador (Lasha-Simmons) 9:26
Solos by: Lasha, Jordan, Dolphy, Davis
02. Love For Sale (Porter) 4:58
Solo by: Clifford Jordan
03. Well You Needn't (Monk) 3:48
Solos by: Simmons, Jordan, Lasha
04. Epistle To A Train (Lasha-Simmons) 4:06
Solos by: Lasha, Simmons, Jordan
05. Love Me (Young-Washington) 3:15
Solo by: Eric Dolphy
06. Blue Monk (Monk) 3:39
Solos by: Lasha, Jordan
07. Whisper Not (Golson) 3:51
Solos by: JOrdan, Lasha
08. Alone Together (Dietz-Schwatz) 13:23
Duet between: Dolphy & Davis
Eric Dolphy (b-cl, as on #1,5 & 8), Clifford Jordan (fl, ts, ss on #1-4,6 & 7), Prince Lasha (fl on #1,3,4,6 & 7), Sonny Simmons (as on #1,3 & 4), with Richard Davis (b on #1 & 8), and THE BOSSA TRES (on #2-4,6 & 7): Luiz Parga (p), Sebastião Neto (b), Edison Machado (d).
Recorded in New York City, 1962-1963
Produced for CD release: Jordi Pujol
Eric Dolphy was a true original with his own distinctive styles on alto, flute and bass clarinet. His music fell into the "avant-garde" category yet he did not discard chordal improvisation altogether (although the relationship of his notes to the chords were often pretty abstract). While most of the other "free jazz" players sounded very serious in their playing, Dolphy's solos often came across as ecstatic and exuberant. His improvisations utilized very wide intervals, a variety of nonmusical speechlike sounds and its own logic. Although alto was his main ax, Dolphy was the first flutist to move beyond bop (influencing James Newton) and he largely introduced the bass clarinet to jazz as a solo instrument. He was also one of the first (after Coleman Hawkins) to record unaccompanied horn solos, preceding Anthony Braxton by five years.
Eric Dolphy first recorded while with Roy Porter's Orchestra (1948-50) in Los Angeles, he was in the Army for two years and then played in obscurity in L.A. until he joined Chico Hamilton's Quintet in 1958. In 1959 he settled in New York and was soon a member of Charles Mingus' Quartet. By 1960 Dolphy was recording regularly as a leader for Prestige and gaining attention for his work with Mingus but throughout his short career he had difficulty gaining steady work due to his very advanced style. Dolphy recorded quite a bit during 1960-61 including three albums cut at the Five Spot while with trumpeter Booker Little, Free Jazz with Ornette Coleman, sessions with Max Roach and some European dates. Late in 1961 Dolphy was part of the John Coltrane Quintet; their engagement at the Village Vanguard caused conservative critics to try to smear them as playing "anti-jazz" due to the lengthy and very free solos. During 1962-63 Dolphy played Third Stream music with Gunther Schuller and Orchestra U.S.A. and gigged all-too-rarely with his own group. In 1964 he recorded his classic Out to Lunch for Blue Note and travelled to Europe with Charles Mingus' Sextet (which was arguably the bassist's most exciting band as shown on The Great Concert of Charles Mingus). After he chose to stay in Europe, Dolphy had a few gigs but then died suddenly from a diabetic coma at the age of 36, a major loss.
Virtually all of Eric Dolphy's recordings are in print including a nine-CD box set of all of his Prestige sessions. In addition Dolphy can be seen on film with John Coltrane (included on The Coltrane Legacy) and with Mingus from 1964 on a video released by Shanachie.
Scott Yanow -All Music Guide
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